The definitions of 「すみません」
「すみません」 is the standard polite form of 「すまない」 and is used when, with your present company you wish to express:
- 謝罪 an apology
- 感謝 a sense of gratitude
- 依頼 when you wish to request something
Often translated as “Excuse me,” the word 「すみません」 has three subtle senses that may help explain more about the Japanese aesthetic.